Sakura may be seen as the ultimate Japanese flower, but the beautiful Japanese climate means there is a place for many other plants that take quite a significant influence in the Japanese culture. The following list enumerates some more of such plants.
Japanese pine is an important part of the Japanese garden, often admired for its dark serene colors and ability to be raised, or its ability to be pruned into a desirable shape. When mature, Japanese pines have almost black barks, contrasting with its dark green leaves that retain its shape and color over the seasons. They are often used in bonsai or tiny potted miniature trees, and it requires skill and patience to grow an interesting beautiful bonsai over its lifetime.
Pink Moss or Shibazakura come to blossom from April to May. These tiny pink flowers often cover cultured fields, turning fields into carpets of bright pink. As one may imagine, local and foreign tourists flock to parks that feature Shibazakura, such as the Hitsujiyama Park in Chichibu, or near Lake Motosuko in the Fuji Five Lakes area, where on a clear day, you will see Mt Fuji grandly in the background, amongst all the pink in the foreground.
Ajisai are very beautiful plants, with blooms that resemble pom-poms, come around the end of the rainy season in May or June. They are common within East Asia, Japan of course non-withstanding. The flowers are usually white, but in Japan, blooms of baby blue, baby pink, and light purple are also common. The flower color is apparently affected by the different soil properties of the area. Pink flowers are probably the most popular, and often gifted as a sign of affection when they come into season. Tea can also be produced from its leaves, forming ama-cha, or sweet tea.