Apparently, Japan has been facing an economic downturn since its recession period. Its economy has been spiraling downwards due to many occurring circumstances. One such circumstance is the lack of workers in the country. The workforce is a very important contribution to support the country’s welfare cost and taxes.
Do you know that Japanese women earn only 60% of the salary of Japanese men? Most of the women are part-time workers due to their situations. Usually, after a woman marries in Japan, she becomes a housewife and is expected to have to take good care of her children until they’re capable enough to become independent. Some of these women need to find part-time work to support her family. It is quite impossible to work full-time as the babysitting cost is expensive and finding a daycare center can be a daunting task.
Masahiro Yamada, a professor at the Tokyo Chuo University, says women also need to work in Japan so they can have an income which will help support their families. The average number of children in Japan is only 1.4. Children are very important in society as they are the fuel of the future generation. A population increase would mean more workers to support the family. Once women start working, they have to expect long hours at work and will have to adjust to after-work socialization such as going to obligatory company drinking parties at an izakaya and so on. This is somehow considered compulsory in Japan and only a few companies allow more than 18 months of parental leave.
Men and women are both necessary in companies to provide a diversity of ideas as both genders think differently. Also, there are certain occupational fields in which men are more desirable for one reason or another, and the same goes for women. Of course, there are exceptions that are just waiting to be overturned.
Although job opportunities for women are steadily increasing nowadays, there is still somewhat of a gender gap that is still noticeable. This is a silent issue that may be underestimated by the country, although slight improvements can be seen as a ray of hope.