Most of Japan’s trains have basic English translations for key areas, and virtually all station and railway line names are romanized (a few are even translated into Korean and Chinese!). But the moment you step into a train station, you’ll realize that much of everything you’ll see and hear is in Japanese, and to a foreigner that speaks little or no Nihongo, this may seem a little daunting.
There’s no doubt, at least one Japanese civilian will be willing to help you out in dealing with any confusing situation, but wouldn’t it be great to understand the basics? With the help of this article, let’s learn some useful Japanese terms used when riding trains and how they are used.
|Kakuekiteisha||各駅停車||Train that stops at all stations (local)|
|Kaisoku||快速||Train that stops on selected stations only (rapid)|
|Kakekomi||かけこみ||Rush or last-minute|
|Gochuui||ご注意||“Please note…” or “Please pay attention to…”|
|Goannai||ご案内||Information or guide|
Now that we know some basic vocabulary, let’s see how it is used in real life!
- when a train is approaching, stations usually display ｢電車がまいります」(“Densha ga mairimasu”) or｢電車がきます」(“Densha ga kimasu”).
- when a train is about to arrive, voice announcements are usually stated in this manner: 「まもなく、一番線に東京方面行きがまいります。 危ないですから黄色い線までお下がりください」(“Mamonaku, ichiban sen ni, Tokyo yuki ga mairimasu. Abunai desu kara kiiroi sen made osagari kudasai”). The first sentence means that in a short while, a Tokyo-bound train will arrive at platform (line) one. The second sentence tells passengers to wait behind the yellow line as it is dangerous to stand near the edge. Note that the 線(sen) in the first and second sentences are different – the first one refers to a platform while the second refers to a certain yellow line on the platform.
- an announcement similar to the previous may be stated in this manner: ｢白線の内側にさがってお待ちください」(“Hakusen no uchigawa ni sagatte omachi kudasai”). This one tells passengers to wait behind the white line.
- the moment you enter the train (or sometimes, while the train is running), a voice announcement would say ｢ご乗車ありがとうございます」(“Gojosha arigatō gozaimasu”). This means “thank you for riding” and is a way for the train operators to say welcome and thank you for using their services.
- train drivers will sometimes announce ｢発車します」(“Hassha shimasu”) to signal that the train is about to depart.
- information about the next station is given with a ｢次は、＿＿＿ 」(“Tsugi wa, ______”) or 「まもなく、＿＿ 」(“Mamonaku, ____”) followed by the next station’s name. 「まもなく」(“Mamonaku”) is usually announced when the train is seconds away from the ｢ホーム」(“Hōmu”).
- announcements for last stops usually include ｢終点です｣(“shuuten desu”). This is important because many operators designate a terminus that is not the absolute end of the line.
- when the train is about to stop, an announcement will tell which side of the train will open: ｢出口は、左/右 側です」(“Deguchi wa, hidari/migi gawa desu.”). Alternatively, some trains have digital displays on doors to indicate the opening side.
- closing doors are signaled by ｢ドアが閉まります」(“Doa ga shimarimasu.”) while opening doors by｢ドアが開きます」（”Doa ga hirakimasu.”). Safety prompts like ｢閉まるドアにご注意ください」(“Shimaru doa ni gochui kudasai”) ask passengers to pay attention to closing doors.
- stickers at train doors usually have a 「かけこみ乗車はキケンです」(“kakekomi jōsha wa KIKEN desu”) to tell passengers not to rush as it is dangerous. Notice that 危険(kiken) is written in katakana (キケン) for emphasis.
- when stopping at a station where more than one line operates, announcements would include transfer information: ｢＿＿＿線はお乗換えです」(“____-sen wa o-norikae desu”). This means that a passenger may transfer to the indicated line. Transfer information may likewise be announced after a｢乗り換えのご案内です｣(“Norikae no goannai desu.”).
- train types are both announced and digitally displayed. Local trains (trains stopping at all stations of a line) are designated as 普通(futsuu) or 各駅停車(kakuekiteisha) while rapid trains as 快速(kaisoku).
- 切符(kippu) are sold at a きっぷうりば(kippu uriba). Markers for these machines are usually written with just hiragana. When purchasing tickets, do not forget your おつり(otsuri)!
This collection of terms and usages probably isn’t enough to cover all that you’ll ever need, but I guess it’s good to start with. For those who know better, please put other useful terms and phrases in the comment section below! Happy train traveling!
Important Train Riding Etiquette in Japan