Harassment is a form of intimidation or pressure and in Japan, power harassment(パワハラ/Pawa Hara) and sexual harassment（セクハラ/Seku Hara）are two of the most frequent words used in Japan when it comes to someone taking advantage of their power and abusing other people.
The two words mentioned above are so popular that even foreigners might be familiar with them.
However, did you know that there are more than two types of harassment?
In this article, I will be introducing you all the terms with details included regarding some of the harassment terms used in the Japanese society.
And I will start with…
Sexual Harassment, abbreviated Seku Hara, usually happens to both men and women, however it is more frequently addressed by women as a result of offensive actions made by men that abuse of their “power”.
In the Japanese society, Seku hara is mainly divided in two parts: compensatory type and the environmental type.
The compensatory type, it usually occurs in companies or schools and it is mostly done by people who take advantage of their position / hierarchy and force others with a lower rank , to submit to their wishes or take sexual approaches and ask them to stay quiet if they want that bonus or, so that for example, they won’t get fired.
The environmental type of sexual harassment is the type that occurs inside a company,for example, when people use sexual words,ask indecent questions or take inappropriate actions such as touching people without their approval etc.
It is a type of harassment that often occurs to the victims of any form of harassment that tried to bring the matter up to their colleagues and superiors but are taking further damage by being blamed of turning paranoid or are being told to have patience because it is normal and is something that happens to everyone.
The power harassment is again, a form of harassment that usually happens in a workplace and usually the bullies are the superiors , those with a higher background or those that have connections. The victims are people with a lower status and usually take on mental and physical damage by the higher-ups which can turn to be as bad as people turning depressed and sometimes even lead to unfortunate results such as suicide.
As the name suggests, the moral harassment is a form of mentally harassment that can manifest either verbally or by actions.
An example would be when classmates, teachers, parents ignore you or when your efforts are not being appreciated and you suffer internal damage because you are affected by their actions.
In Japan, nomikai/飲み会 (drinking parties) among coworkers are quite frequent.
Unfortunately, there have been cases when this leads to harassment as people are being forced to drink, participate in drinking games regardless of their wish or health condition and this may lead to health problems and may even induce alcoholic coma!
I believe is pretty easy to guess what this one is about. Offensive comments that refer to your personality and gender , even if you probably meant it as a joke, might not be taken too well by the person in cause. An example would be: ”You are so girly despite being a man” or “You eat too much for a girl”.
Usually, teachers take actions such as prohibiting students to use certain materials, not put some students` name in the dissertation or research studies without having a justification for their actions, therefore we can refer at it as Aku Hara towards the students.
It usually refers to written documents and most of the victims are women.
For example, let’s say Miss A wrote an article or an idea and presented it to her superiors and they responded like this: ”You are a woman so it is impossible to have written this” or “Miss A, I think you are a man from the way you wrote this”; an accurate model of Teku Hara.
Quite similar to the academics one, only that it usually occurs between senpai(upperclassmen/seniors) and kouhai(underclassmen/juniors).
Suku Hara is sort of a combination between power harassment and sexual harassment that occurs in schools.
Teachers take advantage of their positions and ask inappropriate questions to the young students such as: ”Do you a have a lover?” or sometimes even make sexual approaches, touch their bodies in the name of “education”or ask the students to take off their clothes , for example.
There are so many types of harassment at the moment , some examples are: smell harassment, pet harassment, doctor harassment, technology harassment, noodle harassment, love harassment etc.
Some are a bit exaggerated and many are, let’s say, forms that derived from the main types of harassment: Pawa Hara and Seku Hara.
If you are interested to know more about the other types, let us know in a comment below and also share your opinion regarding this matter.
Do you think all these forms of harassment are necessary? What are your thoughts about all these types of harassment?
Let us know!