Saku

Visit these 2 ’Celestial’ Fortresses in Japan

Have you ever seen a fortress shaped like a star? There are two known citadels or fortresses with this form in Japan. There is one in Hakodate, Hokkaido (northern Japan) and one in Saku, Nagano (central Japan). This kind of fortress is also called a ‘trace Italienne’ or ‘bastion fort’ in the West; in Japan,…